Table of Contents


1. Introduction

1.1 Purpose and organization of the guidelines
1.2 Objective of a survey
1.3 Target group of the guidelines
1.4 Types of surveys
1.5 Timing of a survey
2. Data collection from existing information
2.1 Scientific literature
2.2 Data obtained from national and international institutions
2.3 Information obtained directly in the local setting
2.4 Survey of structural data
3. Nutrition survey methodology
3.1 Survey design
3.1.1 Initial interaction with community
3.1.2 Survey groups
3.1.3 Cross-sectional vs. longitudinal surveys Baseline survey Follow-up survey Groups for comparison Frequency of surveys
3.1.4 Sampling Sample size Implementation of sampling
3.1.5 Training and supervising of survey personnel Job description of enumerators and supervisors Personnel recruitment Training of survey personnel Procedure for the collection of information in a household
3.1.6 Pilot testing
3.1.7 Scheduling of a survey
3.1.8 Resources needed
3.1.9 Questionnaires
3.1.10 Ethical considerations
3.2 Contents of a survey
3.2.1 Information on survey organization
3.2.2 Demographic data of household
3.2.3 Ranking of problems by the observed household
3.2.4 Socioeconomic household data
3.2.5 Dietary patterns
3.2.6 Nutrition intervention
3.2.7 Values and norms related to gender
3.2.8 Participation in social activities
3.2.9 Anthropometry Gender Age Weight Height Mid-upper arm circumference
3.2.10 Morbidity information Anemia Vitamin A deficiency Iodine deficiency diseases (IDD) Diarrheal diseases Acute respiratory infections (ARI) Other infectious diseases Mortality of preschool children
3.2.11 Infant nutrition Breast feeding practices Supplementary feeding and weaning practices
3.2.12 Formal under-fives health services Weight monitoring Immunization
3.2.13 Acceptance of a survey
3.3 Reliability check
4. Analysis and interpretation of data
4.1 Data analysis
4.1.1 Data entry
4.1.2 Plausibility check
4.2 Anthropometric indices
4.3 Clustering
4.4 Food intake
4.5 Breast feeding, supplementary feeding and weaning practices
4.6 Reliability of a survey
4.7 Analysis of causes and predictors
4.8 Evaluation of indicators
5. Reporting of survey results
5.1 Format of technical reports
5.2 Considerations of style for writing the report
5.3 Information for the target groups
6. Appendices
6.1 Examples of questionnaires
6.1.1. Example of a Community Questionnaire
6.1.2. Example of a Supervisor Questionnaire
6.2 List of variable codes
6.3 Anthropometric reference tables
6.3.1 Children
6.3.2 Women
6.4 Nutrient requirements
6.5 Randomized number tables
6.6 Sample presentations of survey findings in technical reports
6.6.1 Tables
6.6.2 Figures
6.7 Determination of intra- and inter-observer errors
6.8 Statistical methods
6.9 Addresses of national and international institutions
6.10 WHO global database on child growth
6.11 Construction plan for an anthropometer
6.12 Literature for further study